| Zingiber alba Nurainas|
Zingiber alba is a new species from West Sumatra. Scaphoclamys perakensis is newly recorded species from the Eastern part of Sumatra. Detailed descriptions and photographs are given for each species.
KEY WORDS: Scaphoclamys perakensis, Zingiberaceae, Zingiber alba, Sumatra.
Zingiber alba Nurainas, sp. nov
Type: INDONESIA, Sumatra, Simanau, Solok, West Sumatra, altitude 1200 m, 21 June 2016, Nurainas 3272 (holotype ANDA, isotype BO, TAI).
Zingiber alba differs from Zingiber acuminatum var. acutibractetatum Valeton in its apex of ligules rounded, elongated of spike, arrangement of bract at top of spike is rose-like, bract bright white, ovate with subapicalmucronate, bracteole small, white and yellow flower
Distribution: throughout West Sumatra province and Batang Gadis National Park, North Sumatra.
Ecology: Zingiber alba grows on sandy soils along the margins of mixed evergreen forests, edges of small rivers at 500-1200 meter elevation. Etymology: the epithet specific refers to color of bract.
Phenology: Zingiber alba was observed in flower when it was collected in February 2006 and May 2016 and fruit when it was collected in October 2014.
Vernacular name: Penggalan (Minangkabau language).
Scaphoclamys perakensis Holtt.,
Scaphochlamys perakensis Holttum, Gard. Bull. Singapore. 13 (1950) 97., nom. nov.
Distribution: Perak and Sumatra (Riau).
Ecology: Scapholamys perakensis grows on the forest floor at limestone area.
Nurainas Nurainas and Dayar Arbain. 2017. A New Species and A New Record of Zingiberaceae from Sumatra, Indonesia. Taiwania. 62(3); 294-298. DOI: 10.6165/tai.2017.62.294